What does it mean to flip your classroom?
There isn’t any rocket science behind flipping your classroom, by flipping we mean, stop ‘chalking and talking’ in your classroom and become a YouTube sensation outside the classroom. Before you know it, you have bought yourself a huge chunk of time you could never seem to find between a huge curriculum and co curricular commitments of students who usually choose PDHPE.
Generally flipping the classroom can be done in two ways, you can create your own using various video creation apps or you can outsource videos from YouTube, Kahn Academy and Click View etc.
As Mark Frydenberg of the Huffington Post notes, “It is not a ‘one size fits all’ model.” He points out that every classroom is different, with different levels of access to technology, different levels of motivation on the part of the students, and different technological know-how on the part of the instructors. Additionally, teachers must re-learn how to act as the “guide on the side” rather than the “sage on the stage”—and that takes time.
There are 7 different models which are identified below. Personally I find myself doing a mixture of the 7, depending on the content, students and class size. I strongly believe there is no one ‘perfect’ model.
- The Standard Inverted Classroom: Students watch the videos at home and then a tradition classroom approach is still applied. however the teacher has more one to one time with students.’
- The Discussion-Oriented Flipped Classroom: Students watch videos and take notes for homework. During class time the lesson is heavily focused around discussion.
- The Demonstration-Focused Flipped Classroom: Teachers create demonstration videos which are shown during class – this is popular with science and maths courses. This allows students to work at their own pace without the teacher having to give multiple sets of instructions.
- The Faux-Flipped Classroom: The videos and notes are take during class time, this can be done for younger students and when the teacher is away.
- The Group-Based Flipped Classroom: Students watch the videos and make notes for homework. During class time they will work as a group on a lesson task or assessment tasks relevant to the recent video.
- The Virtual Flipped Classroom: This approach is effective for distance education where a teacher may have limited face to face time with the students. The content and lessons are managed through LMS.
- Flipping The Teacher: Videos are created by students to peer teach and ‘teach the teacher’ – be careful with this one – ensure that videos are maintained in the LMS rather than posting to YouTube – depending on your schools social media policy.
The most important part about flipping your classroom is that it doesn’t stop at the videos – you need to be creative with the pedagogy you are implementing in your classroom. The pedagogy must reflect the content in the videos and extend learning rather than repeating video content. As the term goes on we will explore ways to create content as well as new and innovative teaching strategies to try in your classroom.